© copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Henry IV (1050 - 1106) was a king and emperor, a major political force during his time. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! In addition, his love of power, typical of all the rulers of his dynasty, contributed to conduct often characterized by recklessness and indiscretion. Henry IV (1050 - 1106) was a king and emperor, a major political force during his time. After Victor’s early death (1057), however, the politically inept empress committed a number of decisive mistakes. These Normans drove Henry out of Rome, but they sacked (plundered) the city more brutally th even the Goths and Vandals had done. Henry IV, (born November 11, 1050, Goslar?, Saxony—died August 7, 1106, Liège, Lorraine), duke of Bavaria (as Henry VIII; 1055–61), German king (from 1054), and Holy Roman emperor (1084–1105/06), who engaged in a long struggle with Hildebrand (Pope Gregory VII) on the question of lay investiture (see Investiture Controversy), eventually drawing excommunication on himself and doing penance at Canossa (1077). In his will, the late emperor had appointed Pope Victor II as counsellor to the empress, and the pope solved some of the conflicts between the princes and the imperial court that had endangered peace in the empire. Gregory’s greatest struggle was with Henry IV, King of Germany. When the peasants, destroying the castle, also desecrated the church and the tomb of one of the king’s sons, Henry declared the peace broken. It began when Gregory tried to reform the church in Germany by insisting on two things. Peasants and nobles in Saxony were stirred up by the ruthless repossession of former royal rights that had long ago been appropriated by nobility or had become obsolete and by the high-handed and severe measures of the foreign ministerials.
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. between Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Henry IV. Started by Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV An agreement between Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V Agreed upon in 1122 Was near the city of Worms Ended the Henry called the German bishops together, and they declared that Gregory was deposed and no longer pope. The conflict between the pope and emperor, known as the Investiture Controversy (1075–1122), was primarily a dispute over whether the imperial or the papal power was to be supreme in Christian Europe. Increasing discontent reached a climax in a conspiracy of the princes led by Anno, archbishop of Cologne, in April 1062. Christmas Gift Ideas for Mom – Make Your Mom Happy on Christmas Night!
Henry renounces Gregory as a pope and calls for his resignation. Outside the castle, Gregory's bitterest opponent, Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, knelt in the snow. During his rule there began the great struggle between church and state, with popes and bishops on one side and kings and lords on the other.