Then the film reconstitutes itself. She has written for websites such as USA Today, Red Beacon, LIVESTRONG, WiseGeek, Web Series Network, Nursing Daily and major film studios.

Elizabeth chooses to be who she is' Alma is not strong enough to choose not to be Elizabeth.

In a Swedish summer, night is a finger drawn by twilight between one day and the next, and soft pale light floods the room. Watch the entire movie and choose the scene you wish to analyze. Watch it a few times in a row.

Elizabeth (Liv Ullmann) stops speaking in the middle of Electra, and will not speak again. She is constantly researching equipment and seeking new challenges. Roger Ebert was the film critic of the Chicago Sun-Times from 1967 until his death in 2013. The screen goes blank. It is told with the camera on Elizabeth. Romantic and familial relationships, such as the one between Lucy Carrigan & Jude, provide a backdrop along with the sweeping soundtrack courtesy of The Beatles.

. *Sontag, Susan (1967) ‘Persona’, Sight and Sound, Autumn, 36:4, 186-191, p. 190. When you break down a scene, you uncover the writer's intention as well as how the work resonates with you. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Education, How to Make a Transition Sentence for an Outline, How to Write a Biography As a Short Story. First there is a dream sequence (if it is a dream; opinions differ), in which Elizabeth enters the room of Alma in the middle of the night. ( Log Out / 

The child is born deformed, and Elizabeth left it with relatives so she can return to the theater. Not only are we reminded of the opening sequence, but also our engagement with the story is visually disrupted with this extremely self-reflexive fracture. "Persona." It is her husband, Mr. Vogler (Gunnar Bjornstrand).

One section for character, one for setting and one for cinematography is an example. Inside, later, Alma delivers a long monologue about Elizabeth's child.

It is apparently not a difficult film: Everything that happens is perfectly clear, and even the dream sequences are clear--as dreams. Typical scene analysis comes in the form of a five-paragraph essay. Now her nurse, Alma, has in a fit of rage started to throw a pot of boiling water at her. Bergman is showing us that he has returned to first principles. This sequence mirrors the way the film has opened. No, she says, she is not Elizabeth. Writing a scene analysis requires a thorough understanding of not only the scene you choose to dissect but also the overall film or play. Formulate three supporting paragraphs. You can expand out your points if you need to write a longer paper.

The middle "break" ends with the camera moving in toward an eye, and even into the veins in the eyeball, as if to penetrate the mind. Create a free website or blog at The break in the middle shows it turning back and beginning again. I will look that up now. ( Log Out /  . translates as: I do not want to feel pain, I do not want to be scarred, I do not want to die. Andersson told me she and Ullmann had no idea Bergman was going to do this, and when she first saw the film she found it disturbing and frightening. I love them both as well. Do not get too specific, as you need enough information to write the paper. "Persona" was one of the first movies I reviewed, in 1967. Writing a scene analysis requires a thorough understanding of not only the scene you choose to dissect but also the overall film or play. But Elizabeth has private torments, too, and Bergman expresses them in a sequence so simple and yet so bold we are astonished by its audacity.

Early in the film, Elizabeth watches images from Vietnam on the TV news, including a Buddhist monk burning himself. When you break down a scene, you uncover the … A third of a century later I know most of what I am ever likely to know about films, and I think I understand that the best approach to "Persona" is a literal one. Formulate a hypothesis based on a fact you want to prove about the scene you chose.

And Sven Nykvist's cinematography shows them in haunting images. If someone has not seen or read what you are talking about, he will find it difficult to understand your point of view. Elizabeth says nothing, and Alma talks and talks, confessing her plans and her fears, and eventually, in a great and daring monologue, confessing an erotic episode during which she was, for a time, completely happy. Include quotes to strengthen your analysis. Elizabeth's pain and Alma's ecstasy were able to break through the reveries of their lives. Their visual merging suggests a deeper psychic attraction. The most real objective experiences in the film are the cut foot and the threat of boiling water, which by "breaking" the film show how everything else is made of thought (or art). For a moment the space looks like a movie theatre; the image changes as it lights up and we realise that it is the inside of a projector.

Everything is there.". Pick something with an analyzable theme. Held in the same box of space and time, the two women somehow merge. The rest of this opening sequence is a montage of self-contained images: a running film strip, a short scene from what looks like a silent movie, a clip from an animation, a close-up of the eyes of a dying sheep, shots of dead, unconscious or immobile people. I believe this is not simply Bergman trying it both ways, as has been suggested, but literally both women telling the same story--through Alma when it is Elizabeth's turn, since Elizabeth does not speak. "Persona" (1966) is a film we return to over the years, for the beauty of its images and because we hope to understand its mysteries. Elizabeth looks at Alma, seeming to know the glass shard was not an accident, and at that moment Bergman allows his film to seem to tear and burn. to be. Later, there are photographs from the Warsaw ghetto, of Jews being rounded up; the film lingers on the face of a small boy.

Change ). Bergman’s choice of images evokes notions that are significantly related to cinema: movement, death, stillness, illusion, animation, light and dark. But it suggests buried truths, and we despair of finding them. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Elizabeth, the patient, mute and apparently ill, is stronger than Alma, and eventually the nurse feels her soul being overcome by the other woman's strength. Elizabeth, a character in Ingmar Bergman's "Persona," uses two to answer it: "No, don't!"

. Persona begins with a slow fade-in of a white square on the black screen. Any attempt to understand the meaning of this sequence is futile; each image evokes different associations; explanations and interpretations generate new grounds for thinking about it. It is exactly about what it seems to be about. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. "No, don't!"

If you want to choose something obscure, bring in a copy of the scene you have analyzed. Focus on the scene you have chosen. Each one should bring to light a different point to prove your theory. Dissect the choice of camera angles and the scene's setting and overall purpose. The most real experience Alma has ever had is her orgasm on the beach. The imagery of this monologue is so powerful that I have heard people describe the scene as if they actually saw it in the film. Tie together your points with the hypothesis and the theme of the film you have focused on. Scenes need to move the story forward and reveal information about the characters. Then it is told again, word for word, with the camera on Alma. The two women look at one another like images in a mirror. Elizabeth cuts her foot, but this is essentially a victory for the actress, who has forced the nurse to abandon the discipline of her profession and reveal weakness. Bergman told me, "The human face is the great subject of the cinema. The title is the key. Scenes need to move the story forward and reveal information about the characters. I did not think I understood it. she exists. Pharaba Witt has worked as a writer in Los Angeles for more than 10 years.

. The film does not say, but obviously they are implicated. For a moment the space looks like a movie theatre; the image changes as it lights up and we realise that it is the inside of a projector.

Remember that characters add to the theme as much as the words and actions do. Bergman emphasizes this similarity in a disturbing shot where he combines half of one face with half of the other. However, the sequence can function as a clue in trying to understand the film; its abstract style is more meaningful when evaluated in conjunction with the fragmented narrative. She wants . They turn and face us, one brushing back the other's hair. ( Log Out /  Toward the end there is a shot of the camera crew itself, with the camera mounted on a crane and Nykvist and Bergman tending it; this shot implicates the makers in the work. There is a moment when her resentment flares and she lashes back. For Alma, horrors are closer to home: She doubts the validity of her relationship with the man she plans to marry, she doubts her abilities as a nurse, she doubts she has the strength to stand up to Elizabeth.

A man's voice calls, "Elizabeth." Think about breaking down your supporting paragraphs to examine a different part of the scene in each. At the end, the film runs out of the camera and the light dies from the lamp and the film is over. At the end, the film runs out of the camera and the light dies from the lamp and the film is over.

Take notes on the scene. The two actresses look somewhat similar. Summarize the scene analysis in a conclusion paragraph.

Bergman shows us everyday actions and the words of ordinary conversation.

Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. ( Log Out /  She is an actress who one night stopped speaking in the middle of the performance, and has been silent ever since. Bergman is showing us that he has returned to … "In the beginning, there was light." Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In all three monologues, Bergman is showing how ideas create images and reality. As is well known, halfway through the film, in the middle of a scene, a frame freezes, cracks and burns; the story begins somewhere else and with a more uncomfortable atmosphere.

The rest of this opening sequence is a montage of self-contained images: a… She admits . I find Susan Sontag’s observation of this interruption helpful in trying to make sense of the film’s fragments and absences: ‘Bergman’s procedure, with the beginning and end of Persona and with this terrifying caesura in the middle, is more complex than the Brechtian strategy of alienating the audience by supplying continual reminders that what they are watching is theatre (i.e., artifice rather than reality). What had seemed to be a linear narrative up to this point reverses to become more abstract in terms of space, time and causality; this crack shifts the narrative to a more indecipherable level where we can no longer distinguish between reality and fantasy, fact and fiction or Alma and Elisabet. The opening sequence suggests that "Persona" is starting at the beginning, with the birth of cinema. It shows their beings are in union. He caresses Alma's face and calls her "Elizabeth." It’s a great piece of writing. "How this pretentious movie manages to not be pretentious at all is one of the great accomplishments of 'Persona,' " says a moviegoer named John Hardy, posting his comments on the Internet Movie Database.